If you’re undergoing sperm testing, you probably want to know what a normal semen analysis result looks like and compare it to your own findings.

Semen analysis

What are the values of a normal semen analysis result?

Below is the normal range of various parameters in a semen analysis (1):

Parameter What is it?Normal value
Sperm countThe number of sperm in the total ejaculate40 million/ejaculate
Sperm concentrationThe number of sperm in an ml of semen20 million/ml
Sperm volumeThe measure of semen volume per ejaculate1.5–7.6 mL
Sperm motilityMeasure of the sperm’s ability to swim40% +
Progressive motilityProportion of sperm that move in straight lines or large circles32% +
Sperm morphologyThe percentage of sperm that is normal in shape & size4% +
Sperm vitalityPercentage of live spermatozoa with membrane intactMore than 58% live sperm

Besides, a pH of 7.2 – 8 is considered normal (2) and the sperm should not have agglutination (sticking together in clusters).

All of these factors individually and collectively can provide a good indication of a your fertility.

What is a normal sperm count to get pregnant?

Anywhere between 40 million to 300 million sperm per ml is considered a normal sperm count for men. Men with lower sperm count can try to improve your sperm count with lifestyle changes or conceive with ICSI.

Normal sperm concentration

Can I get pregnant with 40% sperm motility?

Every sperm sample has some percentage of immotile sperm but at atleast 40% sperm motility is recommended if you’re planning a pregnancy.

What is a good sperm morphology percentage for pregnancy?

A normal sperm call has a smooth, oval head and a long tail. Abnormal sperm may have a warped head, double or crooked tail.

Normal morphology in 4% or more of the sperm is considered adequate in the latest guidelines for semen analysis by the World Health Organization (WHO) (3).

Normal sperm morphology

How is a sperm test done?

Also known as the sperm count test, semen analysis is a simple procedure in which a small sample of your semen is collected and tested for various parameters.

What is the best time to do a sperm test?

It is required that you do not ejaculate for 2 to 3 days before the test for optimum results. The abstinence should not be more than 5 days.

How long does it take to get sperm analysis results back?

Most fertility clinics in Asia and Europe are able to return the results of semen analysis in the same day as you do the test. In some places, the results may take upto a week’s time.

What is the average semen analysis test price?

The cost of semen analysis depends upon your clinic and location. The average cost by location is:

LocationAverage cost
USA$150 – $ 300
Canada$50 – $ 300
Mexico$30 – $50
South Korea$55
New Zealand$90
To find a doctor for normal semen analysis or advanced sperm testing, get in touch using the red contact button on this page.
  1. Moskovtsev, S. I., & Librach, C. L. (2013). Methods of sperm vitality assessment. Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)927, 13–19. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-62703-038-0_2
  2. Haugen, T. B., & Grotmol, T. (1998). pH of human semen. International journal of andrology21(2), 105–108. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2605.1998.00108.x
  3. Moretti, E., Signorini, C., Noto, D., Corsaro, R., & Collodel, G. (2022). The relevance of sperm morphology in male infertility. Frontiers in reproductive health4, 945351. https://doi.org/10.3389/frph.2022.945351

Reviewd by: Dr. Meenakshi, PhD

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